Q: What is Vermiculture?
A: Vermiculture started in Australia as a new waste management practice to reduce the amount of organic waste in landfills which release methane gasses and other pollutants resulting in escalating negative environmental impacts to the air, soil, and water. It is the study of composting with worms and the benefits these Wonderful Worms bring to our environment.

Q: What are Worm Castings?
A: Earthworm castings, also known as “Black Gold” are, basically, worm poop!  They enhance plant health, flowering and yield of crops independent of their nutrient supply.  Worm Castings increase moisture and nutrient holding capacity of the soil, improve soil structure, richer in plant nutrients than the soil, about 3-times more calcium and several times more Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium than the soil.  Castings provide remedial treatment for plants and shrubs growing in soil that has been damaged by prolonged chemical treatments, improve plant immune systems, and increase microbial diversity of the soil, reduce erosion, control weeds, and so much more!

Q: How?
A: You can become a part of the Cycle of Sustainability of Life, Health and making our earth vital again by making simple life-style choices such as recycling.  We all need to take control over our lives, promote better health for us. our families, and communities and at the same time by taking these positives steps, we also foster a cleaner environment in “thinking natural.”

Q: How much heat can the worms take?
A: The worms prefer a temperature of 70 degrees.  They can survive in temperatures from 40 to 90 degrees.  So in the winter and summer you can place your unit in different places.  Personally, I would suggest you keep it in the garage, and when it is hot in the summer use 2 liter bottles filled with water and then frozen–place them on the top feeding tray.  The 2 liter bottle will keep your worm unit cool for a minimum of 24 hours.

Q: What kind of mineral “grit” do you use in your YouTube video that you put over the new food when feeding the worms – is it Azomite?  If so, which brand do you use and how much?
A:  The grit that we use is a formulated volcanic rock that comes from 7 different locations so as to have the more than 77 trace elements and minerals that will go through the gut of the worm and then be in all of the worm tea and castings which we sell under OUR VITAL EARTH label.  The Worm Tea and 100 percent pure worm Castings can be purchased from our store at “The Farm” or our online store.  Also, Azomite is one of the rock dusts that we use in our “grit” formula.

Q:  I recently purchased a Worm Cafe and am enjoying my worms! In your YouTube video you mention that for the Worm Café in the beginning to feed 5 pounds of scraps to 1 pound of worms per week.  How many weekly feedings before the second tray is added?
A:  At the beginning, you are feeding 5 pounds of organic/green garbage per week.  As your worms are increasing in population, you are also increasing the amount that you are feeding.  The first tray, because you start with a Coco Coir and then add garbage, takes about 3 weeks before placing the second tray.  After that, it is about 4 to 5 weeks for each tray before placing the next tray on.  After a 3 month period, you should be able to take the bottom tray and harvest it, and each month thereafter the bottom tray should be ready for harvesting. All garbage should be eaten and all that remains are castings and worms.  From that point on, the bottom tray should be emptied (castings removed) and be ready to place on top again as the rotation of trays begins.

Q:  Brian from Australia wrote to us after watching our videos on Worm Farming with a question about keeping his worms cool.  We use 2 liter bottles filled with water and frozen.  Placing the frozen bottle under the lid of the worm Café or bin will keep it cool for a good 24 hours. Great question Brian, thank you for asking.

Q:  Ron recently wrote in with an excellent question “Do you feed the tray after the first harvest? Or do you let the tray sit for 30 days and harvest it again?”

A:  When you have harvested your tray and let it sit for 30 days — you do not feed.  Just have a dampened newspaper over the top. There are no adult worms in the tray–only babies and cocoon to be hatched out.  if they are hungry, they can nibble on the newspaper for food.  If you feed them veggies scraps and all is not eaten–then you do not have pure worm castings at the end of the 30 days.  Thank you Ron for your inquiry and hope this information is helpful to you.

Q:  Jacque L. recently wrote us to ask about her worms not keeping up with the amount of food she was feeding them, and wondered if she needed more worms.

A:  The goal when you are feeding the worms is to have at least 25% of food still available for them to eat when it is time to feed them again.  Following this rule of thumb is very important as worms will cease to reproduce.  The worms feel that there is a famine coming and will not bring babies into that situation. If you have more than 25% of food left and you need it to be eaten faster, then, in that case, you would need more worms.